Hyperglycemia : How To Lower Blood Sugar Quickly In Emergency?

Hyperglycemia : How To Lower Blood Sugar Quickly In Emergency?

Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar levels can result in an extreme situation in diabetes that can put you at high risk of life threatening complications if not treated timely. Being unaware of the best practices to follow in high blood sugar levels can leave you completely confused in an emergency situation where you will not be knowing what to do and how to do. 

Therefore, as a diabetic or someone related to a diabetic patient, you must be fully aware and psychologically ready to act in a scenario like this, so as to take the best possible actions for avoiding serious health complications. But what are those actions? 

What things can we do for quickly reducing blood sugar levels. We'll be looking at this and more aspects of this topic and will try to gather brief information on important points that we should always have in our mind for timely action in an extreme event of hyperglycemia.

What can happen if your blood sugar is too high?

In an event of hyperglycemia, the sugar and glucose content in the blood rises. This usually happens when either the body does not produce or use enough insulin, which is a hormone that absorbs glucose into cells for use as energy. When this situation persists for little long in diabetics, their body starts showing signs of hyperglycemia, such as:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Mouth dryness
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Shortness in breadth

In an extreme scenario, following the above symptoms, the body falls into a state of diabetic coma , which may prove to be fatal if not treated timely.

What is Diabetic coma?

From a general understanding, Diabetic coma is an extreme diabetes complication that puts you in a state of unconsciousness. In such a scenario you're alive, but you can't awaken or respond purposefully to sights, sounds or other types of stimulation. If this condition persists for long and left untreated, a diabetic coma can prove to be fatal, including death.

This is to be noted that diabetic coma not every time happens due to high blood sugar, It can also happen due to dangerously low blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia. Hence, it's equally important to understand the signs of low blood sugar levels for timely action. These signs usually includes:

  • Shakiness 
  • Weakness
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness 

At what sugar level is diabetic coma?

A diabetic coma usually does not occur if the blood sugar are just slightly high. It could happen when your blood sugar gets too high, that is something beyond 600 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or more. It usually affects those people with type 2 diabetes who does not care much about maintaining healthy blood sugar levels. With less care, it's very likely that the sugar content in their blood will be uncontrolled.

The idea of a diabetic coma is scary, but usually such situation doesn't happen in a jiffy or without any prior signs. Before developing a diabetic coma, the body usually experience the above given signs and timely steps after noticing the symptoms can help preventing it.

How to lower blood sugar quickly

In an event of high blood sugar levels, the best thing that works for reducing blood sugar quickly after medication and insulin is exercise. You might find this point crazy as in such an extreme situation where even standing up straight can be a tough task for a diabetic, how can we expect him/ her to start exercising.

That seems pretty correct which is why it's best to first take the prescribed medicine as per the doctor so that the blood sugar levels can start getting normalised, and when the situation gets in control you can make your way to exercising a bit for balancing the blood sugar levels for more no. of hours.

Once you’ve finished exercising, you can expect a balanced blood sugar level for 24 hours or more, as exercising makes your body more sensitive to insulin.

How exercising reduces blood sugar levels

Whenever we indulge in any moderate level of exercise, our heart start to beat a little faster and we start to breathe a little harder. This is because your heart start pumping more blood to your involved muscles so that they can perform any action properly.

Your muscles start using more glucose, the sugar in your blood stream and in this way more amount of blood sugar gets consumed by your body, resulting in reduced blood sugar levels.

The exercises may include running, jogging or even walking. All of these can be extremely helpful in maintaining better blood sugar levels in diabetes.

In addition to exercising, it's equally or perhaps more important to follow a healthy and sugar free diet. Your diet should always include some fruits that work best for diabetics as they are stuffed with vitamins, minerals and other nutrients that extremely important for healthy living as a diabetic. 

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